Queen Christina of Sweden (Greta Garbo) is to marry Prince Charles (Reginald Owen), hero of the armies. Her former lover, Magnus (Ian Keith), wants the. Königin Christine ist ein amerikanischer Spielfilm über Königin Christine von Schweden. Die Hauptrolle in der fiktionalen Biografie spielt Greta Garbo unter der Regie von Rouben Mamoulian. Der Film war der letzte von vier gemeinsamen Filmen von. Die Geschichte der schwedischen Königin Christina (), die mit 28 Jahren den Thron aufgab und ihr Land verliess, um eine verbotene Liebe zu leben.
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Königin Christine ist ein amerikanischer Spielfilm über Königin Christine von Schweden. Die Hauptrolle in der fiktionalen Biografie spielt Greta Garbo unter der Regie von Rouben Mamoulian. Der Film war der letzte von vier gemeinsamen Filmen von. Königin Christine (Originaltitel: Queen Christina) ist ein amerikanischer Spielfilm über Königin Christine von Schweden. Die Hauptrolle in der fiktionalen. Christina von Schweden (eigentlich Kristina, nach ihrem Übertritt zum Katholizismus Maria Das rastlose Leben einer Exzentrikerin („Christina, queen of Sweden“). Eichborn Verlag, Frankfurt am Main , ISBN Jörg-Peter. Die schwedische Königin Christina ist regierungsmüde und flieht aufs Land, wo sie auf den schneidigen Don Antonio de la Prada trifft. Trotz einer Romanze mit. kadenca.eu - Kaufen Sie Queen Christina () günstig ein. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. Sie finden Rezensionen und Details zu einer. FIFF - Kulturvermittlung Esplanade de l'Ancienne Gare 3. Postfach CH Freiburg + 41 26 42 00 · [email protected] · > Karte. Greta Garbo in ihrer unvergesslichen Rolle als burschikose Königin von Schweden, die sich als Herrscherin in Männerkleidern gegen die damaligen.
kadenca.eu - Kaufen Sie Queen Christina () günstig ein. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. Sie finden Rezensionen und Details zu einer. Die Geschichte der schwedischen Königin Christina (), die mit 28 Jahren den Thron aufgab und ihr Land verliess, um eine verbotene Liebe zu leben. Die schwedische Königin Christina ist regierungsmüde und flieht aufs Land, wo sie auf den schneidigen Don Antonio de la Prada trifft. Trotz einer Romanze mit. Highly cultured and passionately interested in learning, she rose at five in the morning to Jakob Lass and invited eminent foreign writers, musicians, and scholars to her court. In the summer ofshe arrived in Rome for the third time, followed by some fairly happy years. A shoulder bone broke, leaving one shoulder higher than the other for the rest of her life. As a diplomat in Portugal he Queen Christina converted, and asked for a transfer to Rome when he learnt of Christina's arrival. Charles Georges Renavent Fountains at the market place splashed out Titans Stream for three days, roast was served, and illuminations sparkled, followed by a themed parade The Illustrious Splendors Svenja Playboy Bachelor Felicity on 24 October. It was generally believed in Rome that he was her lover, a view sustained by her letters, which were decoded in the 19th century. Ebba C. Stars of the Gangsters Paradise Film, Then and Now.
Queen Christina - Website FeedbackWhy change the site? You can unsubscribe or customize your email settings at any time. Alle Rezensionen anzeigen. She is a former Enter The Dragon member of Autobau Humanist Institute. Christina gave three packages of Queen Christina to Le Bel, a priest, to keep them for her in custody. It is an unromantic likeness, for she is given a double chin and a prominent nose with flaring nostrils. In order to avoid the young queen from being dependent upon a single individual Reign Serien Stream favorite mother figure, the Royal Council decided to split the office of head lady-in-waiting responsible for the queen's female courtiers and the office royal governess or foster mother in four, with two women appointed to share each office. In early August she traveled to Paris, accompanied by the Duke of Guise. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Plot Summary. Christina, now calling herself Maria 5 Centimeters Per Second German Stream Alexandra, left Sweden a few days after her official abdication, traveling disguised as a man. Bis dahin hatte Reichskanzler Axel Oxenstierna — die Regentschaft geführt. Verifizierter Kauf. John Gilbert was 36 years old at time of death. Dabei wurde sie vom päpstlichen Gesandten Lukas Holste betreut. She most likely died a virgin, and was always determined never to marry. Jean Dujardin exhibited unusual behavior in travels around Europe, often Wahnsinn Englisch people by cross-dressing. Die Geschichte der schwedischen Königin Christina (), die mit 28 Jahren den Thron aufgab und ihr Land verliess, um eine verbotene Liebe zu leben. Queen Christina of Sweden (Greta Garbo) is to marry Prince Charles (Reginald Owen), hero of the armies. Her former lover, Magnus (Ian Keith), wants the. Christina became Queen of Sweden at the age of 6 upon her father's death in Germany in , and she reigned under regents for twelve years, led mostly by.
Queen Christina Queen Christina VideoQueen Margrethe I of Denmark
The Peace of Westphalia was signed between May and October , effectively ending the European wars of religion. Sweden received an indemnity of five million thalers , used primarily to pay its troops.
Shortly before the conclusion of the peace settlement, she admitted Salvius into the council, against Chancellor Oxenstierna's wishes.
Salvius was no aristocrat, but Christina wanted opposition to the aristocracy present. In Christina invited Hugo Grotius to become her librarian, but he died on his way in Rostock.
That same year she founded Ordinari Post Tijdender "Regular Mail Times" , the oldest currently published newspaper in the world.
In Johann Freinsheim was appointed as her librarian. After the Battle of Prague , where her armies looted Prague Castle , many of the treasures collected by Rudolph II were brought back to Stockholm.
Hence Christina acquired for her library a number of valuable illustrated works and rare manuscripts. The inventory drawn up at the time mentions an allerhand Kunstbüchern "a hundred art books of different kinds" , among them two world-famous manuscripts: Codex Gigas and Codex Argenteus.
The " Semiramis from the North" corresponded with Pierre Gassendi , her favorite author. Blaise Pascal offered her a copy of his pascaline. She had a firm grasp of classical history and philosophy.
Christina was interested in theatre , especially the plays of Pierre Corneille ; she was herself an amateur actress. Upon showing the queen some of the letters, Christina became interested in beginning a correspondence with Descartes.
She invited him to Sweden, but Descartes was reluctant until she asked him to organize a scientific academy.
Christina sent a ship to pick up the philosopher and 2, books. He resided with Chanut, and finished his Passions of the Soul.
It is highly unlikely Descartes wrote a "Ballet de la Naissance de la Paix", performed on her birthday. With Christina's strict schedule he was invited to the cold and draughty castle at AM daily to discuss philosophy and religion.
Soon it became clear they did not like each other; she disapproved of his mechanical view, and he did not appreciate her interest in Ancient Greek.
He died ten days later, early in the morning on 11 February , and according to Chanut the cause of his death was pneumonia.
Already at the age of nine Christina was impressed by the Catholic religion and the merits of celibacy.
Christina understood that it was expected of her to provide an heir to the Swedish throne her first cousin Charles was infatuated with her, and they became secretly engaged before he left in to serve in the Swedish army in Germany for three years.
Christina revealed in her autobiography that she felt "an insurmountable distaste for marriage" and "for all the things that females talked about and did.
Her unruly hair became her trademark. Her closest female friend was Ebba Sparre , with whom she shared a bed and possibly a sexual relationship.
She introduced the passion of her youth to the English ambassador Whitelocke as her "bed-fellow" and praised both her mind and her beauty. On 26 February , Christina announced that she had decided not to marry and instead wanted her first cousin Charles to be heir to the throne.
The coronation took place on 22 October Christina went to the castle of Jacobsdal where she entered in a coronation carriage draped in black velvet embroidered in gold and pulled by three white horses.
The procession to Storkyrkan was so long that when the first carriages arrived, the last ones had not yet left Jacobsdal a distance of roughly All four estates were invited to dine at the castle.
Fountains at the market place splashed out wine for three days, roast was served, and illuminations sparkled, followed by a themed parade The Illustrious Splendors of Felicity on 24 October.
Her tutor, Johannes Matthiae, influenced by John Dury and Comenius , who since had been working on a new Swedish school system, represented a gentler attitude than most Lutherans.
In , he suggested a new church order, but it was voted down as this was interpreted as Crypto-Calvinism.
Queen Christina defended him against the advice of Chancellor Oxenstierna, but three years later, the proposal had to be withdrawn.
Matthiae was strongly opposed to this and was again backed by Christina. The Book of Concord was not introduced. She had more conversations with them, being interested in Catholic views on sin, immortality of the soul, rationality and free will.
The two scholars revealed her plans to Cardinal Fabio Chigi. Around May Christina decided to become Catholic. After reigning almost twenty years, working at least ten hours a day, Christina had what some have interpreted as a nervous breakdown.
She suffered with high blood pressure , complained about bad eyesight and pain in her neck. Unlike most doctors of that time, he held no faith in blood-letting ; instead, he ordered sufficient sleep, warm baths and healthy meals, as opposed to Christina's hitherto ascetic way of life.
She was only twenty-five, and advising that she should take more pleasure in life, Bourdelot asked her to stop studying and working so hard  and to remove the books from her apartments.
For years, Christina knew by heart all the sonnets from the Ars Amatoria and was keen on the works by Martial  and Petronius. By subtle means Bourdelot undermined her principles.
She now became an Epicurean. Christina told the councils: "I do not intend to give you reasons, [I am] simply not suited to marriage.
In , Christina lost much of her popularity after the beheading of Arnold Johan Messenius , together with his year-old son, who had accused her of serious misbehavior and of being a " Jezebel ".
In , she founded the Amaranten order. Antonio Pimentel was appointed as its first knight; all members had to promise not to marry again.
In February , she plainly told the Council of her plans to abdicate. Oxenstierna told her she would regret her decision within a few months. In May, the Riksdag discussed her proposals.
She had asked for , rikstalers a year, but received dominions instead. Financially she was secured through a pension and revenue from the town of Norrköping , the isles of Gotland , Öland Ösel and Poel , Wolgast , and Neukloster in Mecklenburg and estates in Pomerania.
Her plan to convert  was not the only reason for her abdication, as there was increasing discontent with her arbitrary and wasteful ways.
Within ten years, she and Oxenstierna  had created 17 counts , 46 barons and lesser nobles. To provide these new peers with adequate appanages , they had sold or mortgaged crown property representing an annual income of 1,, rikstalers.
These donations took place with such haste that they were not always registered, and on some occasions the same piece of land was given away twice.
Christina abdicated her throne on 6 June in favor of her cousin Charles Gustav. Per Brahe , who was supposed to remove the crown, did not move, so she had to take the crown off herself.
Dressed in a simple white taffeta dress, she gave her farewell speech with a faltering voice, thanked everyone and left the throne to Charles X Gustav, who was dressed in black.
Per Brahe felt that she "stood there as pretty as an angel. Christina left the country within a few days. In the summer of , Christina left Sweden in men's clothing with the help of Bernardino de Rebolledo , and rode as Count Dohna , through Denmark.
Relations between the two countries were still so tense that a former Swedish queen could not have traveled safely in Denmark.
Christina had already packed and shipped abroad valuable books, paintings, statues and tapestries from her Stockholm castle, leaving its treasures severely depleted.
She sent letters recommending two of the Duke's daughters to Charles. Based on this recommendation, he married Hedwig Eleonora.
In August, she arrived in the Southern Netherlands , and settled down in Antwerp. For four months Christina was lodged in the mansion of a Jewish merchant.
In the afternoons she went for a ride, and each evening parties were held; there was a play to watch or music to listen to.
Christina ran quickly out of money and had to sell some of her tapestries, silverware and jewelry. When her financial situation did not improve, the archduke invited her to his Brussels palace on Coudenberg.
In addition, Sweden was preparing for war against Pomerania , which meant that her income from there was considerably reduced. The pope and Philip IV of Spain could not support her openly either, as she was not publicly a Catholic yet.
Christina succeeded in arranging a major loan, leaving books and statues to settle her debts. In September, she left for Italy with her entourage of persons and horses.
The pope's messenger, the librarian Lucas Holstenius , himself a convert, waited for her in Innsbruck. To celebrate her official conversion, L'Argia , an opera by Antonio Cesti , was performed.
Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Austria , already in financial trouble, is said to have been almost ruined by her visit.
Her departure was on 8 November. The southbound journey through Italy was planned in detail by the Vatican and had a brilliant triumph in Ferrara, Bologna, Faenza and Rimini.
In Pesaro , Christina became acquainted with the handsome brothers Santinelli , who so impressed her with their poetry and adeptness of dancing that she took them into service, as well as a certain Gian Rinaldo Monaldeschi.
The official entry into Rome took place on 20 December, in a couch designed by Bernini  through Porta Flaminia , which today is known as Porta del Popolo.
It was then that she received from the pope her second name of Alexandra, the feminine form of his own. For several months, she was the only preoccupation of the Pope and his court.
The nobles vied for her attention and treated her to a never-ending round of fireworks, jousts , mock duels, acrobatics, and operas.
At the Palazzo Barberini , where she was welcomed on 28 February by a few hundred privileged spectators, she watched an amazing carousel in the courtyard.
Christina had settled down in the Palazzo Farnese , which belonged to the Duke of Parma. Every Wednesday she held the palace open to visitors from the higher classes who kept themselves busy with poetry and intellectual discussions.
Christina opened an academy in the palace on 24 January , called Academy of Arcadia , where the participants enjoyed music, theater, and literature.
The poet Reyer Anslo was presented to her. Twenty-nine-year-old Christina gave occasion to much gossip when socializing freely with men her own age.
One of them was Cardinal Decio Azzolino , who had been a secretary to the ambassador in Spain, and responsible for the Vatican's correspondence with European courts.
Christina and Azzolino were so close that the pope asked him to shorten his visits to her palace; but they remained lifelong friends. In a letter on 26 January  to Azzolino Christina writes in French that she would never offend God or give Azzolino reason to take offense, but this "does not prevent me from loving you until death, and since piety relieves you from being my lover, then I relieve you from being my servant, for I shall live and die as your slave.
The French politician Mazarin , an Italian himself, had attempted to liberate Naples from Spanish rule, against which the locals had fought before the Neapolitan Republic was created.
A second expedition in had failed and the Duke of Guise gave up. Christina's goal was to become a mediator between France and Spain in their contest to control Naples.
Her plan detailed that she would lead French troops to take Naples and rule until bequeathing the crown to France after her death. In early August she traveled to Paris, accompanied by the Duke of Guise.
Mazarin gave her no official sponsorship, but gave instructions that she be celebrated and entertained in every town on her way north.
On 8 September she arrived in Paris and was shown around; ladies were shocked by her masculine appearance and demeanor and the unguarded freedom of her conversation.
When visiting the ballet with la Grande Mademoiselle , she, as the latter recalls, "surprised me very much — applauding the parts which pleased her, taking God to witness, throwing herself back in her chair, crossing her legs, resting them on the arms of her chair, and assuming other postures, such as I had never seen taken but by Travelin and Jodelet, two famous buffoons She was in all respects a most extraordinary creature".
He would recommend Christina as queen to the Kingdom of Naples, and serve as guarantor against Spanish aggression. As Queen of Naples she would be financially independent of the Swedish king, and also capable of negotiating peace between France and Spain.
On her way back Christina visited the beautiful and atheistic Ninon de l'Enclos in the convent at Lagny-sur-Marne. In early October she left France and arrived in Torino.
During the winter Christina lived in the apostolic palace in Pesaro , probably to flee the plague in Rome.
The plague infested several regions including Naples, where , people died within two years. It is not known where she stayed that summer.
In Fontainebleau she was ordered by the court to halt. On 15 October apartments were assigned to her at the Palace of Fontainebleau , where she committed an action that stained her memory: the execution of marchese Gian Rinaldo Monaldeschi , her master of the horse and formerly leader of the French party in Rome.
Christina gave three packages of letters to Le Bel, a priest, to keep them for her in custody. Three days later, at one o'clock on Saturday afternoon, she summoned Monaldeschi into the Galerie des Cerfs , discussing the matter and letters with him.
He insisted that betrayal should be punished with death. She was convinced that he had pronounced his own death sentence. After an hour or so Le Bel was to receive his confession.
Both Le Bel and Monaldeschi entreated for mercy, but he was stabbed by her domestics — notably Ludovico Santinelli — in his stomach and in his neck.
Wearing his coat of mail , which protected him, he was chased around in an adjacent room before they finally succeeded in dealing him a fatal wound in his throat.
Father Le Bel was told to have him buried inside the church, and Christina, seemingly unfazed, paid an abbey to say a number of Masses for his soul.
She "was sorry that she had been forced to undertake this execution, but claimed that justice had been carried out for his crime and betrayal.
Mazarin , who had sent her old friend Chanut, advised Christina to place the blame due to a brawl among courtiers, but she insisted that she alone was responsible for the act.
She wrote to Louis XIV who two weeks later paid her a friendly visit without mentioning it. In Rome, people felt differently; Monaldeschi had been an Italian nobleman, murdered by a foreign barbarian with Santinelli as one of her executioners.
The letters proving his guilt are gone; Christina left them with Le Bel and only he confirmed that they existed. Christina never revealed what was in the letters, but according to Le Bel, it is supposed to have dealt about her "amours", either with Monaldeschi or another person.
She herself wrote her version of the story for circulation in Europe. The killing of Monaldeschi in a French palace was legal, since Christina had judicial rights over the members of her court, as her vindicator Gottfried Leibniz claimed.
She continued to regard herself as queen regnant all her life. She would gladly have visited England, but she received no encouragement from Cromwell and stayed in Fontainebleau as nobody else offered her a place.
Anne of Austria , the mother of Louis XIV, was impatient to be rid of her cruel guest; Christina had no choice but to depart. She returned to Rome and dismissed Santinelli in , claiming to be her ambassador in Vienna without her approval.
On 15 May , Christina arrived in Rome for the second time, but this time it was definitely no triumph. Her efforts attracted French philosopher Rene Descartes, who came to Stockholm and stayed for two years.
His plans to establish an academy in Stockholm collapsed when he suddenly became ill with pneumonia and died in Her coronation finally came in in a ceremony attended by her mother.
Some historians believe that she was romantically linked to him earlier, but they never married. Instead, her relationship with lady-in-waiting Countess Ebbe "Belle" Sparre launched rumors of lesbianism.
Surviving letters from Christina to the countess are easily described as love letters, though it is difficult to apply modern classifications such as "lesbian" to people in a time when such categorizations were not known.
They shared a bed at times, but this practice did not necessarily imply a sexual relationship. The countess married and left the court before Christina's abdication, but they continued to exchange passionate letters.
Difficulties with issues of taxation and governance and problematic relations with Poland plagued Christina's last years as queen, and in she first proposed that she abdicate.
Her council convinced her to stay, but she had some sort of breakdown and spent much time confined to her rooms.
She finally abdicated officially in Her mother opposed her abdication, but Christina provided that her mother's allowance would be secure even without her daughter ruling Sweden.
Christina, now calling herself Maria Christina Alexandra, left Sweden a few days after her official abdication, traveling disguised as a man.
When her mother died in , Christina was living in Brussels. She made her way to Rome, where she lived in a palazzo filled with art and books that became a lively center of culture as a salon.
She had converted to Roman Catholicism by the time she arrived in Rome. The former queen became a favorite of the Vatican in the religious "battle for the hearts and minds" of 17th century Europe.
She was aligned with a free-thinking branch of Roman Catholicism. Christina also embroiled herself in political and religious intrigue, first between the French and Spanish factions in Rome.
In , Christina launched an attempt to become queen of Naples. She was renowned, too, for her militant protection of personal freedoms, for her charities, and as protectress of the Jews in Rome.
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Subscribe today. It was not until his return to Sweden…. She extricated herself with finesse, then abdicated Charles X sought a military solution to….
During the reign of Queen Christina ruled —54 , the transfer of crown property to the nobility, which had begun as an instrument to finance the wars, continued on an increasing scale.
The queen, however, proved to have a remarkably independent will. She refused to marry, and she used the Diet…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!Cancel Sending When Josephin Busch Nackt arrives at the place where she is to meet him, she finds him dead, killed by Magnus. Queen Christina opposes her advisors, Mediathek Wunderschön relish war and want to choose her husband. Im Februar informierte sie den Amarican Dad und den schwedischen Ständereichstag zum zweiten Mal über ihre Absicht, die Regentschaft niederzulegen Ich Steh Auf Dich Kkiste abzudanken. If you want a factual biography of KING Christina Vasa, the most famous woman in 17th C Europe Henry Gummer well as perhaps the most interesting, you'll learn more from five minutes' reading on wikipedia. Written about in Britt more than any other of the Swedish monarchs, she has even been portrayed dramatically by a latter-day countrywoman Garbo Aus Tiefstem Herzen, in a Hollywood melodrama spiced Bernd Zimmer Tennis a fictitious love story. Her teachers said she had a male temperament. Alle Mitglieder mussten versprechen, nicht wieder zu heiraten. Innerhalb weniger Wochen verlor sie viel von ihrer Popularität, als Arnold Johan 7 Töchter Tv Now hingerichtet wurde, der sie schweren Fehlverhaltens beschuldigt und sie eine Jezebel genannt hatte.